Rafter-four Designs
Rugmaker's Homestead
the resource for traditional rug makers since 1984
Standing Wool Rugs
by Diana Blake Gray
Master Rugmaker
Traditional standing wool rugs were made by stitching narrow strips of thick woolens together so that the edges form the top and bottom surfaces of the rug. There are many ways of assembling standing wool rugs including coils, multiple centers, freeform shapes and combinations with shirred wool. Traditionally a linen cord was used for the stitching.

Whether using woolen fabric or wool felt, standing wool rugs allow for an infinite variety of shape and texture. The technique combines easily in a single rug with shirring or faux shirring for additional interest.

Beaded rugs are the standing wool technique that is the most fun, hands down. Tiny pieces of wool are rolled and strung on a stout linen or cotton thread and then stitched together to form rugs. The effect is similar to a mosaic and regular geometric designs are easy to achieve.

As the name implies, wool is the fabric of choice for these rugs, but modern materials can also be used such as cotton or acrylic sweaters, sweatshirts and heavy flannels. Fleece tends to resist the needle too much for this construction however.
Detail of a standing wool rug
A freeform rug combining shirred and standing wool methods for an organic texture
A variety of beaded rugs demonstrating their mosaic-like character.
At left is a standing wool wall hanging, "Islands in the Stream."
Elsewhere on the Rugmakers Homestead
Preview Handbook #4 which includes all of the standing wool techniques.
Publications in our catalog:
Rugmakers Handbook #4: Traditional Shirred & Standing Wool Rugs

Swedish Braids


Copyright Rafter-four Designs

On the etsy version of the Rugmakers Homestead: All of our current rug books plus Pre-folded cotton fabric strip, hot pad kits and PDF files of out of print books for instant download in a mobile-friendly environment. Just click on the Rugmakers Homestead link below or any of the photos shown.

Rug Tour Home
Amish Knot

Anchored Loop/
Locker Hooking

Bohemian Braid
Standard Braids
Flat Braids 
Chain Braids
False Braids
Frame Braids
Broomstick Rugs
Crocheted Rugs
String Crochet
Fabric Tapestry
Flat Wrap
Frame Rugs
Wagon Wheel
Hooked, Prodded, Punched, Bodkin
Kitchen Table rugs
Knitted Rugs
Knotted Shag
Loom Woven
Needlework Rugs
Penny Rugs, etc.
Sewn Shag Rugs
Shirred Rugs
Standing Wool
Swedish Braid
Tambour Rugs
Toothbrush Rugs,
Twisted Cords
Strung Shag Rugs
Odds and Ends